What is Laparoscopic surgery?
Laparoscopic surgery is a specialized technique to perform minimally invasive surgery. It is a technique that was used mostly for gynecological and gallbladder surgeries. In the last 12 years, the use of this technique has expanded and includes intestinal surgery. In traditional surgery, the surgeon uses a single incision to enter the abdomen while in laparoscopic surgery several incisions are made from 0.19 “to 0.39”.
A tubular instrument known as a trocar is inserted into each incision. During the procedure, specialized instruments are passed through the tubulars and a special camera called laparoscope. At the start of the procedure, the abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide gas, to provide the surgeon with a working space and visibility. During the operation, the surgeon observes detailed images of the abdomen on the monitor. The system allows the surgeon to perform the same operations as traditional surgery but with smaller incisions.
Advantages of Laparoscopic surgery
If compared to traditional open surgery, patients feel less pain, have a shorter recovery period and there is less scarring with laparoscopic surgery.
Experiences in Laparoscopic Surgeries